Ayurveda Medicine believes that the basic personality and physical blueprint of each individual are shaped by bio-energies that are called doshas. The doshas are a mind/body combination that is indicative of a person’s mental and physical characteristics. The tridoshas, as mentioned earlier, are Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. The vibrant energies of the doshas change in response to internal and external stimuli. Any actions a person makes, nutritional habits, thoughts or the psychological environment, moods, emotions, or even the change in seasons can place a person ‘s doshas into one of three primary doshic states:

  • Balanced: also referred to as equilibrium. In this state, each of the three doshas is proportionate to one another
  • Increased: in this doshic state, one particular dosha is presented in an exaggerated way and proportional in an exceedingly greater than ordinary state
  • Decreased: this primary state is signified when one dosha is reduced and deleted to a less than normal proportional state

The closer a person is to their innate, Intrinsic character, the more balanced the doshas will be represented in their life, and better the chances will be for fulfillment and wellness.

Practitioners of Ayurveda Medicine work with the patient to make any necessary adjustments in their life. Whether it’s through supplement preparations, diet, or social changes that need to be altered or addressed, the ancient, holistic health care science seeks to establish equilibrium in the patient’s life.

Sometimes, in additional to having a dominant dosha active in a person, a second one has significant strength and influence as well. When this occurs, it is called having a “dual-doshic constitution” or prakriti. For example, a person with a Kapha Vata prakriti will have characteristics found in the Vata constitution, but the dominating dosha would be that of Kapha. Online, there are some sites available where you can take a free and easy, self-test that will help you determine your own, individual constitution. Below is listed a basic traits for identifiers of the tridoshas.

Vita (Ether and Air)

  • Slender
  • Small mouth
  • Dry skin
  • Dark hair and eyes
  • Capricious appetite
  • Dual-polarized sex drive (high or non-existent)
  • Good short-term memory
  • Anxious, depressed

Pitta (Fire and Water)

  • Medium build
  • Average size mouth
  • Fair complexion
  • Green/grayish eyes
  • Dislikes hot weather
  • Jealous
  • Ambitious
  • Hefty appetite

Kapha (Earth and Water)

  • Large frame
  • Overweight
  • Blue eyes
  • Full lips
  • Speaks in monotone
  • Business and goal oriented
  • Enjoys familiarity
  • Steady appetite

When a person understands their constitution, he or she is equipped with knowledge that will forge their life forward and become healthier. The desired qualities that a person wants for themselves in Ayurveda can be attained by making the appropriate adjustments to foster change. Sometimes this includes changes to one’s lifestyle or pathya. The pathya is dietetics and daily routine that holistically helps the patient during sickness and during a period of convalescing.